Periodontal (gum) disease is a degenerative condition caused by bacterial infection. It is a progressive condition that eventually leads to the deterioration of gum and bone tissue, and is the leading cause of tooth loss among adults. In fact, 4 out of 5 adults have periodontal disease and don’t know it, as the initial stages of this condition are usually painless. Call Wasatch Gentle Dental today at 801-262-6661 to learn more about periodontal disease and schedule your appointment with Dr. Andrew Smith.
There are several types of periodontal disease. The earlier, less severe stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis. Gingivitis is a mild gum inflammation, and can be easily treated with a thorough dental cleaning from our dentist and an improved oral health routine. If untreated, it spreads below the gum line and progresses into more severe forms of periodontal disease, generally known as periodontitis. There are several different types of periodontitis, which are characterized by tissue loss or tissue death. Gum disease has also been proven to be linked to your systemic (overall) health, and can contribute to conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, and respiratory disease.
There are many factors which contribute to the development of periodontal disease, including:
- Poor dental hygiene
- Tobacco use
- Genetic predisposition
- Pregnancy and menopause
- Chronic stress and poor diet
- Underlying medical issues (including diabetes, heart disease, respiratory disease, arthritis, and osteoporosis)
- Bruxism (teeth grinding)
- Medications (such as oral contraceptives, heart medications, anti-depressants, and steroids)
Symptoms of gum disease include:
- Bleeding gums
- Loose teeth
- New spaces between teeth
- Persistent bad breath
- Pus around the teeth and gums
- Receding gums
- Red and puffy gums
- Tenderness or discomfort
There are many surgical and non-surgical treatments available to help you manage periodontal disease. When you visit our practice, our dentist will perform a complete periodontal exam of your mouth to determine the exact condition of the teeth, gums, and jawbone before recommending a treatment.
For more information about periodontal disease, and to make your appointment with our dental professionals, please contact our practice today.